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Civil Procedure Keyed to Rowe
Grutter v. Bollinger
Citation:188 F.3d 394 (6th Cir. 1999)
Grutter (Plaintiff) was a white woman who was rejected by the University of Michigan Law School. She filed suit against the dean, Lee Bollinger (Defendant), challenging the law school’s pro-affirmative action admissions policy and alleging that it discriminated against her based on race in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Then, 41 students and three pro-affirmative action coalitions filed motions to intervene in the lawsuit, which the plaintiff opposed but the defendants did not. The intervenors argued that the resolution of the case directly threatened the access of qualified minority students to public higher education, and that the Defendants would not adequately represent their interests. The district court denied the motion to intervene, and the proposed intervenors appealed.
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