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Grutter v. Bollinger
Citation:539 U.S. 306 (2003)
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The University of Michigan Law School’s admissions policy required the evaluation of applicants’ complete files. One of the “soft variables” admissions officials could consider was diversity, including racial diversity, particularly for historically marginalized groups like Black, Hispanic, and Native Americans. Grutter was a white applicant whose application was rejected. She brought suit, claiming that the University relied on race in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
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