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Constitutional Law Keyed to Farber
Katzenbach v. Morgan
Citation:384 U.S. 641 (1966)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Section 4(e) of the 1965 Act provided that no person who had completed the sixth grade in school in Puerto Rico in which the language of instruction was other than English could be denied the right to vote on account of inability to read or write English. This provision was aimed at stopping New York City from using the New York state literacy test to prevent American citizens of Puerto Rican descent from voting. New York argued that because a court would not have invalidated the literacy requirement prohibited by section 4(e), Congress’s Fourteenth Amendment authority did not reach such tests.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.