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Constitutional Law Keyed to Barnett
Katzenbach v. Morgan
Citation:384 U.S. 641 (1966)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in response to discriminatory voting practices in many Southern States. Section 4(e) of the Voting Rights Act provided that individuals could not be denied the right to vote due to inability to read or write in English, if they had completed sixth grade at a school accredited by Puerto Rico, where the language of instruction was not English. The Appellees argued that Section 4(e) of the Voting Rights Act prohibited enforcement of New York election laws that required ability to read and write in English. The Attorney General of New York, on behalf of the Appellees, argued that the Enforcement Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment only allowed Congress to pass legislation superseding a state law if the state law was in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.