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Criminal Law Keyed to Abrams
Cleveland v. United States
Citation:531 U.S. 12, 121 S.Ct. 365, 148 L.Ed.2d 221 (2000)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Cleveland (Defendant) and other individuals were prosecuted under the federal mail fraud statute, 18 U.S.C. § 1341, for making false statements in applying to the Louisiana State Police for permission to operate video poker machines. Cleveland assisted Fred Goodson in preparing a license application, which by statute required Goodson to identify any business partners. Because Cleveland and Goodson had financial issues that could have prevented them from obtaining a video-poker license, the application falsely named Goodson’s adult children as the sole owners of his company. The United States charged Cleveland and Goodson with mail fraud, accusing them of violating the mail-fraud statute by fraudulently concealing that they were the real owners of the applicant company in the applications mailed to the state. A jury found Cleveland guilty on two counts of mail fraud, and he was sentenced to prison.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.