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Civil Procedure Keyed to Hazard
Ashcroft v. Iqbal
Citation:556 U.S. 662, 129 S.Ct. 1938, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009)
ProfessorBrittany L. Raposa
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Javaid Iqbal (Respondent), a citizen of Pakistan and a Muslim, was arrested following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States. Respondent brought charges against U.S. Attorney General Ashcroft and FBI Director Mueller (Petitioners) for the adoption of unconstitutional policies that subjected Respondent to harsh conditions based on his race, religion, or national origin. Petitioners filed a motion to dismiss for insufficient allegations of their involvement.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.