Contracts Keyed to Calamari
Haines v. City of New York
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The Defendant is the City of New York (the "Defendant"). The Defendant contracted with the Town of Hunter and the Village of Tannersville to construct a sewage system and extend the sewage lines if future growth and building construction made it necessary. The agreement specifically stated that the city agreed to pay "all costs of construction and subsequent operation, maintenance and repair of said sewerage system with the house connections thereof and said disposal works shall be at the expense". The sewage plant "was operating substantially in excess of design capacity" when this action was originally filed. The Plaintiff, Haines (the "Plaintiff"), was an owner of land who wished to construct 50 homes. The Plaintiff applied to the Defendant for permits to connect the lots to existing sewer lines. The Defendant refused, citing that the plant was already operating at full capacity. The Plaintiff brought suit for declaratory and injunctive relief, and the Town of Hunter and Village of Tannersville serviced by the sewer pipes intervened. Both the trial and the Appellate division ruled in favor of the Plaintiff and found that the "city was bound to construct additional facilities to meet increased demand until such time as the village or town is legally obligated to maintain a sewage disposal system."
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.