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Contracts Keyed to Summers
Haines v. City of New York
Citation:41 N.Y.2d 769, 364 N.E.2d 820
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In 1924, the City of New York (“the City”) (defendant) entered into an agreement to construct a sewage system. The agreement required the City to extend the sewer lines when “necessitated by future growth and building constructions of the respective communities.” The sewage plant was completed and began operation in 1928. The average flow of the plant eventually increased from 118,000 gallons per day to over 600,000 gallons daily. Haines (plaintiff) owned a tract of land that he sought to develop into 50 residential lots. Haines requested permission from the City to connect the sewage lines to the lots. The City refused permission on the ground that it was presently operating at full capacity. Haines sued the City, alleging that the 1924 agreement was perpetual in duration and obligated the City to enlarge the existing plant or build a new one.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.