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Criminal Law Keyed to Osler
United States v. Todd
Citation:627 F. 3d 329 (9th Cir. 2009)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Defendant met Kelsey while she was 18 and in high school. He was 26 and took her out to dates and to the movies. A year later he suggested hey move in together and that she could support them through work as a prostitute. He advertised her online and ran ads with her picture. She quit her job to be a prostitute full time. Defendant controlled her every move, took all her earnings, and only gave her $35 a week for condoms, food, and gas. He physically beat Kelsey and even made her have an abortion. She thought she had nowhere to go and was scared of the defendant so she never left him. She also groomed other women into joining his business venture.
Defendant met Whitney T. when she was 20 at a house party. She had a young child and defendant started dating her as well. Whitney learned that his income came from Kelsey’s work as a prostitute. Defendant told her she could provide for herself and her family if she too worked as a prostitute. She moved in with the defendant and Kelsey, and the defendant began advertising her online. She turned all her earnings into the defendant and was scared to keep money she earned because she witnessed the defendant beating Kelsey. She left twice and came bac both times.
Defendant met Whitney E. when she was 18-years-old and had dropped out of high school, moved out of her parent’s home, and was using drugs with her boyfriend. She had been working as a prostitute for a week when her boyfriend suggested she work for the defendant. Defendant advertised her online and expected $900 from her a day. Defendant assaulted her one day when she questioned his rules, called her mother, and left that day filing a police report against the defendant.
Defendant met Jemelle on her 20th birthday. Defendant leased a house and asked her to move in with him. After some heavy persuasion, defendant convinced her to start prostituting for him. He advertised her online, kept all of the money, and gave her marijuana in return. Jemelle was scared of the defendant after seeing him hit Kelsey and he told her she would regret leaving.
Defendant was charged with three counts of sex trafficking and one count of conspiring to sex traffic. Jury found him guilty on all charges.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
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- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.