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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Miller
United States v. Christopher Armstrong
Citation:517 U.S. 456 (1996)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The defendants were indicted for conspiracy to possess and distribute crack cocaine as well as firearms offenses. The defendants filed a motion for discovery or for dismissal of the indictment, claiming they were being selectively prosecuted because they were Black. The court granted the motion, ordering the government to provide a list of all cases from the last three years in which the government charged both cocaine and firearms offenses, to identify the race of the defendants in those cases, and to explain its criteria for choosing to prosecute those defendants. The court denied the government’s motion for reconsideration of the discovery order and when the government did not comply with the order, the court dismissed the case.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.