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Evidence Keyed to Park
State v. Porter
Citation:241 Conn. 57 (1997)
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The accuracy of the polygraph test itself has to components: sensitivity and specificity. The polygraph’s sensitivity is its ability to tell that a guilty person is, in fact, lying. If the polygraph test had a 90 percent sensitivity, then it would correctly label a deceptive subject as being deceptive 90 percent of the time. Thus, the test would incorrectly label a deceptive subject as being truthful 10 percent of the time. The polygraph’s specificity is its ability to tell that an innocent person is, in fact, being truthful. If the polygraph test had an 80 percent sensitivity, then it would label a truthful subject as being truthful 80 percent of the time. The parties dispute over the question whether the court should adhere to its per se rule excluding polygraph evidence.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.