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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Chemerinsky
Illinois v. Caballes
Citation:543 U.S. 405 (2005)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Caballes (Defendant) was charged with possessing illegal drugs after a dog sniff conducted during a legal traffic stop alerted officers to the presence of drugs in his car. Caballes had been pulled over for speeding, and a second trooper arrived with a narcotics-detection drug. When the drug alerted at the trunk, the officers searched it and found marijuana. At trial, Caballes argued that the dog sniff violated his Fourth Amendment rights.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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