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Constitutional Law Keyed to Choper
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Citation:484 U.S. 260, 108 S.Ct. 562, 98 L.Ed.2d 592 (1988).
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The Spectrum, the school-sponsored newspaper of Hazelwood East High School (Hazelwood), was written and edited by students. In May 1983, the school principal, received the page proofs for the May issue. The principal found two of the articles in the issue to be inappropriate, and ordered that the pages on which the articles appeared be withheld from publication. One article described three Hazelwood students’ experiences with pregnancy; the other discussed the impact of divorce on students at the school. The principal believed that the article’s references to sexual activity and birth control were inappropriate for some of the younger students at the school. Additionally, the principal was concerned that even though the pregnancy story used false names to keep the girls’ identities a secret, the pregnant students would still possibly be identifiable from the text. Kuhlmeier and two other former Hazelwood students brought suit.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.