Confirm favorite deletion?
Constitutional Law Keyed to Maggs
Gratz v. Bollinger
Citation:539 U.S. 244 (2003)
Only StudyBuddy Pro offers the complete Case Brief Anatomy*
Access the most important case brief elements for optimal case understanding.
*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Petitioners Jennifer Gratz and Patrick Hamacher were white students who were denied admission to the University of Michigan. They filed suit to challenge the University’s admission policies, pursuant to which the Office of Undergraduate Admissions used a “selection index” to award points to each applicant. The maximum score was 150 points, and all students with 100 points or more were admitted. Points were awarded based on high school grade point average, standardized test scores, academic quality of an applicant’s high school, strength or weakness of high school curriculum and other soft factors. In addition, racial minority applicants were awarded 20 points for their membership in underrepresented racial or ethnic minority groups. During the period in question, the University admitted virtually every qualified applicant from these groups.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.