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Constitutional Law Keyed to Chemerinsky
Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin
Citation:136 S. Ct. 2196 (2016)
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In 1997, Texas enacted a law that guaranteed college admission to students who graduate from a Texas high school in the top 10% of their class. Up to 75% of the spots in Texas colleges are filled through this law, including at UT.
For the remaining 25%, UT evaluates applicants in a wholistic way on a combination of grades, test scores, and personal achievement index (including race). Admissions officers can consider race as a positive feature for minority applications.
Fisher was not in the top 10% of her high school class, so she was evaluated through the wholistic review. Her application was rejected.
Fisher I set forth three principles: 1.) race cannot be considered by a university unless the admissions process can withstand strict scrutiny; 2.) the decision to pursue a diverse student body is appropriate for a university but is subject to judicial review; 3.) a university bears the burden of showing that their policy is narrowly tailored.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.