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Health Law Keyed to Furrow
Williams v. U.S.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The decedent, Berlie White, went to Cherokee Indian Hospital (CIH) suffering from respiratory distress. CIH, the nearest hospital Mr. White could reach at the time, was an Indian hospital operated on the Cherokee Reservation by the United States Public Health Service. CIH was operated under the federal Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCI Act), which prohibits treatment of non-Indians, except for discretionary treatment in emergency situations. The federal employees at CIH refused to treat Mr. White and refused to refill his oxygen tank. Mr. White was referred to another hospital ten miles away. When he arrived at that hospital, Mr. White was in extreme distress and he died from complications of oxygen deprivation the following day. Plaintiff, the adminstratrix of Mr. White's estate, brought suit under various theories claiming the breach of a duty to provide emergency treatment on a non-discriminatory basis. The district court dismissed and this appeal followed.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.