Criminal Procedure keyed to Israel
Sullivan v. Louisiana
The Petitioner, Sullivan (the “Petitioner”), was charged with first-degree murder during the course of the robbery of a bar. The Petitioner’s alleged accomplice, Michael Hillhouse (“Hillhouse”) testified during trial pursuant to a grant of immunity. The bar was crowded, but only one witness testified during trial. The witness could not identify either the Petitioner or Hillhouse during a physical line up, but testified that he saw the Petitioner hold a gun to the victim’s head. In his closing argument, the defense counsel argued there was reasonable doubt as to the identity of the murderer and his intent. The trial judge gave a definition of reasonable doubt that was previously found unconstitutional in [Cage v. Louisiana]. The Petitioner was found guilty of first-degree murder. The Supreme Court of Louisiana held that the jury instruction pertaining to reasonable doubt was harmless.
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