Constitutional Law Keyed to Brest
Griggs v. Duke Power Co
Defendant had a policy requiring that applicants for certain jobs have a high school diploma and a certain score on an intelligence test. These requirements disparately impacted African American applicants. Plaintiff was an African American employee of Defendant. He sued, claiming that the policy violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 because the requirements were not related to job performance and had a discriminatory impact. Evidence was introduced that showed employees hired into these positions before the requirements were enacted who did not possess high school diplomas or the requisite intelligence score performed the job satisfactorily and progressed in their departments. The trial court and court of appeals found no discriminatory intent behind the policy and held that Title VII had not been violated. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
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