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Constitutional Law Keyed to Rotunda
Zivotofsky v. Clinton
Citation:566 U.S. 189 (2012)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Congress enacted the Foreign Relations Authorization Act in 2022 providing that Americans born in Jerusalem may elect to have “Israel” listed as the place of birth on their passports. The State Department’s Foreign Affairs Manual states that where the birthplace of the applicant is located in a disputed foreign territory, the city of birth may be written in the passport. The manual specifically directs that passport officials enter “Jerusalem” and should not write “Israel” as the place of birth on the passport. The congressional act sought to override the instruction of the Foreign Affairs Manuals. The President stated that the congressional act impermissibly interferes with the President’s constitutional authority to conduct the Nation’s foreign affairs.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.