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Constitutional Law Keyed to Barnett
Zivotofsky ex rel. Zivotofsky v. Clinton
Citation:566 U.S. 189 (2012)
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- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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Congress passed the Foreign Relations Authorization Act in 2002, which provided (in part) that American citizens born in Jerusalem could list Israel as their place of birth on their passport. The State Department refused to follow the law because it had a policy of not taking a position on status of Jerusalem. Petitioner Zivotofsky was born in Jerusalem shortly after the law was enacted. Zivotofsky’s mother requested that his place of birth be listed as Jerusalem, Israel on his passport, in accordance with the law but contrary to State Department policy. When Zivotofsky sued to enforce the law, the U.S. Government argued that the issue presented a non-justiciable political question.
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