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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Allen
Zafiro v. United States
Citation:506 U.S. 534 (1993)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The Defendants, Zafiro, Martinez, Garcia, and Soto, were all accused of distributing illegal drugs in the Chicago area. The four Defendants were brought to trial together under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure (FRCP) Rule 8(b). Rule 8(b) states that defendants may be charged together “if they are alleged to have participated in the same act or transaction in the same series of acts or transactions constituting an offense or offenses.” Rule 14 of the FRCP permits a district court to grant a severance of defendants if “it appears that a defendant or the government is prejudiced by a joinder.” Each of the Defendants claimed to be innocent and instead blamed the other Defendants. All of the Defendants moved for severance under Rule 14 on the grounds that their defenses were “mutually antagonistic.”
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.