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Constitutional Law Keyed to Barnett
Yick Wo v. Hopkins
Citation:118 U.S. 356 (1886)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In 1880, the city of San Francisco passed an ordinance requiring that the owners of laundromats in wooden buildings obtain a permit to continue operating their businesses. The city justified the ordinance as an exercise of the state police power to protect the city residents from fire. Most of the laundromats in the city were housed in wooden buildings, and about 2/3 of those businesses were owned by Chinese American individuals. A businessman named Yick Wo initially received a license for his laundromat (which was housed in a wooden building) but later the government denied his application and he was convicted and fined for violating the ordinance. Yick Wo refused to pay the fine and was imprisoned.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.