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Constitutional Law Keyed to Maggs
Wickard v. Filburn
Citation:317 U.S. 111 (1942)
The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 established a specific amount for each farmer’s crop – a wheat acreage allotment of 11.1 acres and a normal yield of 20.1 bushels of wheat an acre. Though the appellee was given notice several times, he sowed 23 acres and harvested from his 11.9 acres of excess acreage 239 bushels, which constituted farm marketing excess subject to a penalty of 49 cents a bushel. If a farmer refused to comply with the Act, the Act imposes a fine. The appellee had not paid the penalty or complied with any required action. The Committee refused him a marketing card, necessary to protect a buyer from liability to the penalty and upon its protecting lien. The general purpose of the Act was to control the volume moving in interstate and foreign commerce to avoid surpluses and shortages and consequent abnormally low or high wheat prices and obstructions to commerce.
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