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Constitutional Law Keyed to Farber
Whitney v. California
Citation:Whitney v. California, 274 U.S. 357 (1927)
The California Criminal Syndicalism Act prohibited any person to knowingly become a member of any organization that advocates “Criminal Syndicalism,” advocating the commission of unlawful acts as a means of accomplishing a change in industrial ownership or affecting a political change. Whitney was convicted under this Act for her involvement with the Communist Labor Party. Whitney appealed to the Supreme Court, contending that it was neither her intent nor the intent of the other organizers that the party should become an advocate of any sort of violence. She claimed that the Syndicalism Act violated the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment.
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