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Constitutional Law Keyed to Farber
Ward v. Rock Against Racism
Citation:491 U.S. 781 (1989)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In the southeast portion of New York City’s Central Park, about 10 blocks upward from the park’s beginning point at 59th street, there is an amphitheater and stage structure. The bandshell faces west across the remaining width of the park. In close proximity to the bandshell is a grassy open area, which the City has designated as a quiet area for passive recreations. The City attempted to regulate the volume of the amplified music at the bandshell so the performances are satisfactory to the audience without intruding upon those who use the grassy open area or live on the central park. The city’s regulation requires bandshell performers to use sound-amplification equipment and a sound technician provided by the city. The sound technician controls both the volume and the mix of sound. The challenge to this volume control technique came from the sponsor of a rock concert.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.