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Civil Procedure Keyed to Field
Walker v. City of Birmingham
Citation:388 U.S. 307, 87 S.Ct. 1824
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
City officials in the City of Birmingham (Plaintiff) sought an injunction to stop specific individuals from protesting racial segregation. The court granted a preliminary injunction enjoining the named persons, including Walker (Defendants), from engaging in mass protests without first obtaining a license from the city. Walker and seven other enjoined individuals marched nonetheless, and they stated that they would not follow the injunction because they believed it violated their First and Fourteenth Amendment rights. After the march, the court refused to consider the argument that the injunction was unconstitutional, and refused to waive the infraction because the defendants did not attempt to dissolve the injunction in court prior to violating it. The court found Walker and the others in contempt and sentenced them to five days in jail and a $50 fine. Walker appealed, but the Supreme Court of Alabama affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.