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Criminal Law Keyed to Abrams
United States v. Woodward
Citation:469 U.S. 105, 105 S.Ct. 611, 83 L.Ed.2d 518 (1985)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Woodward (Defendant) was accused of lying to customs officials about whether he was carrying over $5000 when he entered the U.S from Brazil. Woodward checked “no” on a form asking whether he was carrying over $5000, but a search by customs officials revealed that he and his wife were carrying around $22,000 in their clothing. He was convicted of making false statements to government officials, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001. The Ninth Circuit held that Woodward’s conduct should instead have been punished under 31 U.S.C. § 1058 so it vacated the initial conviction.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.
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