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Constitutional Law Keyed to Varat
United States v. Virginia
Citation:518 U.S. 515, 116 S.Ct. 2264, 135 L.Ed.2d 735 (1996).
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Since 1839, VMI’s distinctive mission was to produce “citizen solders,” men prepared for leadership in civilian life and in military service. VMI was the last male-only school in Virginia and used an adversative method of teaching modeled in other military schools. This included physical rigor, mental stress, absolute equality of treatment, absence of privacy, minute regulation of behavior, and indoctrination. VMI cadets lived in spartan barracks and were surveilled constantly.
In 1990, a female applicant who was denied admission to VMI filed a complaint with the Plaintiff. Plaintiff then sued the Defendants, alleging the male-only policy violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.