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Evidence Keyed to Sklansky
United States v. Noriega
Citation:117 F.3d 1206 (11th Cir. 1997).
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The defendant helped lead a coup in Panama. Later on, the defendant was seized by United States military officials and was brought to Miami to face pending drug-related charges. During the trial, a part of the prosecution’s argument was that the defendant had unexplained wealth. The defendant attempted to introduce evidence that he was paid by the United States for intelligence work to explain his wealth. The prosecution offered to stipulate that the defendant was paid for information but did not want the content of the information revealed in court. The defendant insisted that he should be allowed to disclose the tasks that he had performed for the United States. The district court held that the content of the defendant’s intelligence work was irrelevant and its risk of confusion substantially outweighed its probative value.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.