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Constitutional Law Keyed to Varat
United States v. Nixon
Citation:418 U.S. 683, 94 S.Ct. 3090, 41 L.Ed.2d 1039 (1974)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
In United States v. Mitchell, seven members of President Nixon’s staff were indicted for obstruction of justice and conspiracy to defraud the United States for their involvement in the Watergate Scandal. Although the President himself was not indicted, he was named as an unindicted coconspirator. The Special prosecutor subpoenaed recordings and other documents involving meetings between the President and his staff. Nixon motioned to dismiss the subpoena, citing an “absolute executive privilege” to the recordings and documents.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.