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Constitutional Law Keyed to Shanor
United States v. Morrison
Citation:529 U.S. 589 (2000)
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- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Section 13981 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA) established a right to be free from violent, gender-motivated crime, and established a civil remedy for those who commited such crimes—that is, it provided an avenue for victims to file private, non-criminal complaints against perpetrators. Christy Brzonkala was a student at Virignia Tech who alleged that two other students—Antonio Morrison and James Crawford—assaulted and repeatedly raped her. As a result, she sought psychiatric care and withdrew from the university. She sued Morrison, Crawford, and Virginia Tech under section 13981 of VAWA the following year. Morrison and Crawford moved to dismiss her complaint, arguing that § 13981’s civil remedy was unconstitutional.
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