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Criminal Law Keyed to Osler
United States v. Johnson
Citation:450 F.3d 366 (8th Cir. 2006)
Anderson started selling drugs in the St. Louis area in 1990, and started selling cocaine there in 1996 which he bought from Diggs. Due to a supply-chain shortage of cocaine, Anderson and Diggs started purchasing from suppliers in California. They would go on cross-country trips with a hired white man driving a vehicle with fake tanks and hiding location to keep the money and/or drugs and they were follow in a second chase vehicle, assuming that a car of 4 black men would be pulled over more frequently than a truck with a single white man. They did this for over 8 years, with Anderson, Brown, Diggs, and Johnson rotating as drivers of the chase vehicle. They made multiple trips to California and to Texas.
In 2001, the hired driver, Jason Miller, was pulled over for speeding. A consensual search of his vehicle came up with 6 KG of cocaine. Officers then did a controlled delivery of the drugs. Anderson and Johnson, who were in teh chase vehicle, were arrested at the time.
After the incident, the group started selling PCP because it was less to purchase but sold at the same price as cocaine. This worked for about 3 years under the same planned driving trips to California with the hired driver and chase car. However, in 2004 the hired driver was pulled over and $28,000 was found in a secret compartment of the vehicle. The chase vehicle was then pulled over, and Diggs plus three others were arrested.
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