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Criminal Law Keyed to Osler
United States v. Johnson
Citation:450 F.3d 366 (8th Cir. 2006)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Anderson started selling drugs in the St. Louis area in 1990, and started selling cocaine there in 1996 which he bought from Diggs. Due to a supply-chain shortage of cocaine, Anderson and Diggs started purchasing from suppliers in California. They would go on cross-country trips with a hired white man driving a vehicle with fake tanks and hiding location to keep the money and/or drugs and they were follow in a second chase vehicle, assuming that a car of 4 black men would be pulled over more frequently than a truck with a single white man. They did this for over 8 years, with Anderson, Brown, Diggs, and Johnson rotating as drivers of the chase vehicle. They made multiple trips to California and to Texas.
In 2001, the hired driver, Jason Miller, was pulled over for speeding. A consensual search of his vehicle came up with 6 KG of cocaine. Officers then did a controlled delivery of the drugs. Anderson and Johnson, who were in teh chase vehicle, were arrested at the time.
After the incident, the group started selling PCP because it was less to purchase but sold at the same price as cocaine. This worked for about 3 years under the same planned driving trips to California with the hired driver and chase car. However, in 2004 the hired driver was pulled over and $28,000 was found in a secret compartment of the vehicle. The chase vehicle was then pulled over, and Diggs plus three others were arrested.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.