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Criminal Law Keyed to Abrams
United States v. Goodwin
Citation:457 U.S. 368, 102 S.Ct. 2485, 73 L.Ed.2d 74 (1982)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Goodwin (Defendant) was charged with various misdemeanor and petty offenses including assault after eluding a police officer in a high-speed chase. Goodwin initiated plea negotiations with the prosecutor, but later decided he did not wish to plead guilty and wanted to proceed to trial. Then, the prosecutor obtained a new indictment charging Goodwin with an additional felony count. The jury then convicted Goodwin on the felony count and on one misdemeanor count. Goodwin moved to set aside the verdict on the ground of prosecutorial vindictiveness because he had decided not to go through with plea negotiations, and the district court denied the motion. The Court of Appeals affirmed. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.