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Criminal Law keyed to Dripps
United States v. Esparza
Citation:791 F.3d 1067.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
On February 19, 2011, Esparza attempted to enter the United States in a Chevy Lumina. At a border checkpoint, a narcotics dog alerted on the car’s gas tank and over 50 kilograms of marijuana was found in the gas tank and dashboard. Esparza informed the border patrol officer that the car belonged to a friend named Julio, documentation showed, however, that the car was registered to a Diana Hernandez. On February 24, 2011, border patrol sent Hernandez a written Notice of Seizure informing her the government had seized the car. On March 21, 2011, after consulting with her ex-boyfriend, Felipe Sanchez Escobedo, Hernandez sent the DMV a Notice of Transfer/Release of Liability form with a statement claiming she sold the Lumina to Arturo Esparza on February 13, 2011. At trial, Sanchez testified that he did not know Esparza and in January 2011 he had sold the car to a man named Ricardo Dominguez Morales. Dominguez had never picked up the title from Sanchez. After receiving a call from Hernandez about the car, Sanchez confronted Dominguez who then gave Sanchez a Notice of Transfer/Release of Liability form partially filled out indicating Hernandez had sold the car to Arturo Esparza. Testimony at trial also revealed that Esparza knew Dominguez as “Lulu” or “Julio.”
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.