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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Ohlin
United States v. Drayton
Citation:536 U.S. 194 (2002)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
On February 4, 1999, respondents Christopher Drayton and Clifton Brown, Jr., were traveling on a Greyhound bus en route from Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, to Detroit, Michigan. The made a scheduled stop in Tallahassee, Florida. The bus driver allowed three members of the Tallahassee Police Department to board the bus as part of a routine drug and weapons interdiction effort. The officers approached respondents from the rear and asked them whether they have any bags on the bus. Both respondents pointed to a single green bag in the overhead luggage rack and allowed the officers to check them. The bag contained no contraband. The officers noticed that both respondents were wearing heavy jackets and baggy pants despite the warm weather. One officer, with consent, patted down one respondent’s jacket and packets. In both thigh areas, the officer detected hard objects similar to drug packages detected on other occasions. The officer arrested and handcuffed the respondent. A further search revealed that respondents had duct-taped plastic bundles of power cocaine. Respondents were charged with conspiring to distribute and possessing cocaine. Respondents contend that the cocaine was searched in an unlawful manner.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.