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Criminal Law Keyed to Gershowitz
United States v. Bailey
Citation:444 U.S. 394, 100 S.Ct. 624, 62 L.Ed.2d 575.
In the early morning hours of August 26, 1976, the defendants, Clifford Bailey, James T. Cogdell, Ronald C. Cooley, and Ralph Walker, federal prisoners at the District of Columbia jail, crawled through a window from which a bar had been removed, slid down a knotted bedsheet, and escaped from custody. Federal authorities recaptured them after they had remained at large for a period of time ranging from one month to three and one-half months. Upon their apprehension, they were charged with violating 18 U. S. C. § 751 (a), which governs escape from federal custody.
At trial, each of the defendants attempted to introduce evidence regarding the various conditions and events at the jail, to present a defense of duress. They testified that guards would set fire to trash, bedding, and other objects in their cells, and subjected them to beatings and to threats of death. The trial court rejected the evidence and did not allow the jury to consider it. The defendants were all convicted.
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