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Criminal Law Keyed to Ohlin
United States v. Bailey
Citation:444 U.S. 394 (1980)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The respondents, Clifford Bailey, James T. Cogdell, Ronald C. Cooley, and Ralph Walker, were federal prisoners. One morning, they crawled through a window, slid down a knotted bedsheet, and escaped from custody. They were recaptured after they had remained at large for a period of time.
At trial, each of the respondents attempted to introduce evidence to support a duress defense. This evidence centered on the various conditions and events at the jail. They testified that the prison guards would set fire to trash, bedding, and other objects in their cells and subjected them to beatings and to threats of death.
The trial court rejected the evidence and did not allow the jury to consider it. The respondents were all convicted. They appealed, and the Court of Appeals reversed the trial court, holding that the evidence should have been admitted to allow the jury to decide if the respondents left federal custody voluntarily or not. The Court of Appeals stated that if the respondents were acting out of duress, then they did not act with an intent to avoid confinement. The Government appealed.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.