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Criminal Law Keyed to Osler
United States v. Arrington
Citation:309 F. 3d 40 (D.C. Cir. 2002)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Three officers stopped the defendant’s car because it lacked a front license plate. One of the officers observed a small plastic bag with residue of white powder on the floorboard. After notifying the other officers outside of earshot of the defendant, they asked the defendant to step out of his car. Defendant then went to drive off, so two officers reached through the open driver-side window to grab the defendant and the other officer leaned in from the other side to turn off the ignition. Defendant shifted into drive and “floored it”. Two officers fell out immediately, the officer on the passenger’s side was stuck as the car drove off for about 50 feet. The officers then started a car chase until the defendant ran into a curb, and began running on foot. During the foot chase, the defendant shot one of the officers in the face. Other officers eventually subdued and arrested the defendant.
Defendant testified that he drove off because he felt threatened and never had physical contact with the officer. Additionally, they never were in his car. Finally, he testified that during the struggle to arrest him, his gun accidentally discharged hitting the officer in the face. Jury convicted defendant of assaulting a federal officer.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.