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Constitutional Law Keyed to Varat
Town of Greece v. Galloway
Citation:572 U.S. __, 134 S.Ct. 1811, 188 L.Ed.2d 835 (2014).
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Defendant invited a local member of the clergy to deliver an invocation at the front of the board of supervisors meeting rooms, beginning in 1999 in a town of 94,000. Defendant followed an informal method for selecting the prayer givers, all of whom were unpaid volunteers. A town employee would call the congregations listed in a local directory until she found a minister available.
Any person, including an atheist, could give the invocation. The prayers were never reviewed in advance. Plaintiff brought suit, challenging this practice. She argued Defendant violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment by preferring Christians over other prayer givers. Plaintiff sought an injunction that wold limit the town to inclusive prayers referring only to a generic God and would not associate the government with one faith or belief.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.