Confirm favorite deletion?
Constitutional Law Keyed to Barnett
The Civil Rights Cases
Citation:109 U.S. 3 (1883)
Only StudyBuddy Pro offers the complete Case Brief Anatomy*
Access the most important case brief elements for optimal case understanding.
*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Following the Civil War, Congress passed a series of laws to regulate discriminatory state action and private conduct that violated the newly enacted Civil War Amendments (the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments). The Civil Rights Act of 1875 guaranteed citizens (regardless of race) access to public accommodations, and prohibited states from limiting jury service to members of a certain race (and allowed lawsuits brought under those laws to be tried in federal courts, instead of state court). After the law was passed, the federal government brought suit against businesses around the country that were discriminating on the basis of race in violation of the newly enacted law. Those cases were consolidated into one case. The business owners (defendants) argued that Congress did not have the authority to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1875 pursuant to its power to enforce the Civil War Amendments.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.