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Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.
Citation:135 S. Ct. 2507 (2015).
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The Defendant, the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs, was in charge of distributing federal tax credits for the development of housing units in low-income families. Congress directed states to develop their own plans for identifying selection criteria for the distribution of these credits. These plans had to include certain statutory criteria but could also allow other criteria.
Under Texas law, an application for the tax credits by a developer is scored under a point system that gave priority to statutory criteria like the financial feasibility of the development project and the income level of the tenants. It also included other additional criteria, but these could not be awarded more points than the statutorily mandated criteria.
The Plaintiff, the Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., was a non-profit corporation that assisted low-income families in obtaining affordable housing. The Plaintiff sued the Defendant in federal district court on a disparate impact claim under the Fair Housing Act. The Plaintiff alleged that the Defendant had caused a continued segregated housing patterns through disproportionate allocation of the tax credits and granted too many credits for housing in predominately black inner-city areas and not enough in predominantly white suburbs.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.