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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Dressler
Taylor v. Illinois
Citation:484 U.S. 400, 108 S.Ct. 646, 98 L.Ed.2d 798.
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The defendant was charged with attempted murder after a fatal street fight. Well in advance of trial, the prosecutor filed a discovery motion requesting a list of defense witnesses. In his original response, the defendant identified the two women, who later testified, and two men, who did not testify. On the first day of trial, the defense counsel was allowed to amend his answer by adding the names of Derrick Travis and a Chicago police officer, neither of which actually testified.
On the second day of trial, the defense counsel made a motion to amend his answer once again in order to include two more witnesses. The defense counsel represented that he had just been informed about them and that they had probably seen the “entire incident.” Later, the defense counsel admitted that he knew about the witnesses beforehand and could have originally included their names on the answer to the discovery motion.
The judge found that the defense counsel willfully violated the discovery rules and doubted that the witnesses even saw what happened. The judge concluded that the appropriate sanction for the discovery violation was to exclude their testimony. The defendant was convicted.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.