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Criminal Law Keyed to Lee
State v. Yanez
Citation:716 A.2d 759 (R.I. 1998)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The defendant was 18-years-old when he met Allison, a 13-year-old girl. The two went on a date, and afterwards they engaged in consensual sexual intercourse.
Allison returned home late. She went to the bathroom to shower, and was confronted by her mom. Her mom saw blood on her underwear that was on the floor, and asked if she had sex. Allison initially denied having had sexual intercourse, but later admitted the truth. Allison’s mom contacted the police.
Yanez admitted having sexual intercourse with Allison, but insisted that Allison told him that she was 16. Allison denied having told Yanez that she was 16, and testified that on two or three occasions she had told him that she was only 13.
Yanez wished to introduce evidence demonstrating his mistaken belief concerning Allison’s age, and evidence concerning Allison’s apparent maturity in her appearance, physical development, and demeanor. The trial court did not allow this evidence to be presented, holding that a mistake of fact defense is not available under Section 11-37-8.1. He was found guilty.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.