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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Ohlin
Smith v. Cain
Citation:565 U.S. 73 (2012)
The State of Louisiana charged petitioner Juan Smith with killing five people during an armed robbery. At Smith’s trial a single witness, Larry Boatner, linked Smith to the crime. He claimed that he had been face to face with Smith during the initial moments of the robbery. No other witnesses and no physical evidence implicated Smith in the crime. The jury convicted Smith of five counts of first-degree murder. Smith then sought post-conviction relief in the state courts. As part of his effort, Smith obtained files from the police investigation of his case, including those of the lead investigator, Detective John Ronquillo. Ronquillo’s notes contain statements by Boatner that conflict with his testimony identifying Smith as a perpetrator. Smith requested that his conviction be vacated, arguing that the prosecution’s failure to disclose Ronquillo’s notes violated the Constitution.
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