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Property Keyed to French
Shelley v. Kraemer
Citation:344 U.S. 1 (1948)
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- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
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- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
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- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The plaintiffs, Kraemers, are a group of white homeowners in both Michigan and Missouri who had subjected their neighborhoods to restrictive covenants preventing “colored” people from owning or inhabiting them. The defendants, Shelleys, are a group of African Americans who are being denied property rights by the States’ enforcement of these restrictive covenants. In Michigan, the restrictive covenants prevent “colored” people from occupying the property. In Missouri, not only do the restrictive covenants prevent “colored” people from occupying the property, but it also seeks to require anyone who uses the property in violation of the restriction be divested of title. The Supreme Courts in both Missouri and Michigan upheld these restrictive covenants, and the Shelleys appealed to the US Supreme Court.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.