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Roe v. Wade
Citation:410 U.S. 113 (1973)
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A Texas law made it a crime to have an abortion except where necessary to save the life of the mother. Many states had similar statutes. The plaintiff, Jane Roe, was not able to get an abortion because her life was not threatened by the continuation of her pregnancy. She filed suit against the county District Attorney in Texas, arguing that the statute was an unconstitutional infringement on the right to privacy guaranteed to her in the Bill of Rights. The state argued that the law should give the fetus protections under the Fourteenth Amendment because life begins at conception.
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