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Criminal Procedure Keyed to Allen
Rhode Island v. Innis
Citation:446 U.S. 291 (1980)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
A taxicab driver in Rhode Island disappeared after going to pick up a customer. His body was discovered days later in a shallow grave with a fatal gunshot wound to the back of the head. Days later another taxicab driver reported to the police that he had been robbed by a man with a sawed-off shotgun. The driver later noticed a picture of his assailant on a bulletin board at the police station and informed the officers who prepared a photo array. The driver once again identified a picture of the same person. This person was the Respondent, Innis. Later that same day, an officer spotted the Respondent standing on a street. He stopped his car and the Respondent walked towards it. The officer got out of his car and arrested the Respondent, who was unarmed. The officer advised him of his Miranda rights. The Respondent and the officer waited in the patrol car for other officers to arrive. The officer did not converse with the Respondent other than to respond to his request for a cigarette. Soon after another officer arrived at the scene and gave the Respondent his Miranda rights. Three other officers were then assigned the task of accompanying the Respondent to the central police station. The police captain instructed the officers not to question the Respondent or intimidate or coerce him in any way. During the ride, two of the officers started talking to each other about how they were concerned that a student from the school nearby for handicapped children would find the weapon and injure themselves. After this, the Respondent then told the police to turn the car around and that he would show them where the gun was located. Before taking police to the gun’s location, the Respondent was once again read his Miranda rights. The Respondent replied that he understood his rights but did not want any of the kids nearby to get hurt. The Respondent then pointed out the location of the gun to the officers.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.