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Constitutional Law Keyed to Choper
Reeves, Inc. v. Stake
Citation:447 U.S. 429, 100 S.Ct. 2271, 65 L.Ed.2d 244 (1980).
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The State of South Dakota built a cement plant in response to cement shortages within the state. The Commission concluded that all of the cement produced would be needed inside the state. Nevertheless, the plant’s output exceeded South Dakota customers’ needs for many years, and the plant was able to supply cement to both in-state and out-of-state contractors. Later, a boom in the construction industry coincided with internal difficulties at the plant. As a result, the plant was unable to fill all of its cement orders. To combat this problem, the Commission reaffirmed that the plant should preferentially supply cement to South Dakota contractors first before filling orders with out-of-state contractors. Reeves, Inc. (Reeves) was an out-of-state contractor who suffered serious financial harm when the plant stopped filling its orders. Reeves sued in district court, challenging the state’s cement sales policy. Reeves argued that the policy unconstitutionally discriminated against interstate commerce in violation of the Dormant Commerce Clause.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.