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Criminal Law Keyed to Ohlin
People v. Newton
Citation:8 N.Y.3d 460 (2007)
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*Case Brief Anatomy includes: Brief Prologue, Complete Case Brief, Brief Epilogue
- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
- Case Doctrines, Acts, Statutes, Amendments and Treatises: Identifies and Defines Legal Authority used in this case.
- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
The defendant was indicted of sodomy in the third degree, and other charges, based on engaging in oral sex with a 19 year old male by forcible compulsion and without consent. The defendant argued that the alleged victim did not resist or otherwise communicate a lack of consent, and that he perceived the sexual act to be consented. It is undisputed that the defendant had been consuming beer steadily in the hours before the incident.
At trial, the defendant requested an instruction on intoxication. While intoxication is not a defense to a criminal charge, evidence of a defendant’s intoxication may be offered whenever relevant to negative an element of the crime charged. The trial court did not give the instruction with respect to third degree sodomy. He was convicted.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
- Holding: Shares the Court's answer to the legal questions raised in the issue.
- Concurring / Dissenting Opinions: Includes valuable concurring or dissenting opinions and their key points.
- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.