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Constitutional Law Keyed to Varat
Pennhurst State School & Hospital v. Halderman
Citation:465 U.S. 89, 104 S.Ct. 900, 79 L.Ed.2d 67 (1984)
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- The Brief Prologue provides necessary case brief introductory information and includes:
- Topic: Identifies the topic of law and where this case fits within your course outline.
- Parties: Identifies the cast of characters involved in the case.
- Procedural Posture & History: Shares the case history with how lower courts have ruled on the matter.
- Case Key Terms, Acts, Doctrines, etc.: A case specific Legal Term Dictionary.
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- The Case Brief is the complete case summarized and authored in the traditional Law School I.R.A.C. format. The Pro case brief includes:
- Brief Facts: A Synopsis of the Facts of the case.
- Rule of Law: Identifies the Legal Principle the Court used in deciding the case.
- Facts: What are the factual circumstances that gave rise to the civil or criminal case? What is the relationship of the Parties that are involved in the case. Review the Facts of this case here:
Halderman complained that the School violated the rights of those institutionalized there. In the complaint, Halderman alleged that the School violated the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments as well as several state and federal statutes. The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit held that a state statute enabled the claim and rejected the argument that the Eleventh Amendment barred federal courts from hearing the case. The Supreme Court reversed the Third Circuit and remanded it for the court to decide if the claims seeking injunctive relief had merit. On remand, the Third Circuit again held that the state statute supported its prior holding, so it did not reach the federal questions. The case then reached the Supreme Court a second time.
- Issue(s): Lists the Questions of Law that are raised by the Facts of the case.
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- Reasoning and Analysis: Identifies the chain of argument(s) which led the judges to rule as they did.
- The Brief Prologue closes the case brief with important forward-looking discussion and includes:
- Policy: Identifies the Policy if any that has been established by the case.
- Court Direction: Shares where the Court went from here for this case.